Verbal Number Agreement

In addition to the literal number, pluractionality can be used for courtesy, much like plural pronouns are in many languages. (See T-V.) Modern English doesn`t have much correspondence, although it`s there. In Krongo, pluractional verbs (usually expressing an iterative and usual meaning) are derived from prefixes or changes in clay or reduplication, as indicated in (7a-c). These processes apply to a large number of verbs. However, there are fifteen verbs that do not use any of these morphological means, but express an iterative and customary meaning through totally incoherent strains; one of them is represented in (7d). In some situations, there is also an agreement between the nouns and their qualifiers and their modifiers. This is common in languages such as French and Spanish, where articles, determinants and adjectives (both attribute and predictive) correspond in number to the names they describe: 3. How the verb corresponds to the name depends on the regularity or irregularity of the verb. Conventions for regular verbs and agreements for irregular verbs are different. Note: In this example, the object of the sentence is even; That is why the verb must agree. (Because scissors are the subject of the preposition, scissors have no influence on the verb number.) The third type includes languages such as shipibo-konibo (Panoan; Peru) as well as languages such as Krongo (Kadugli; Sudan). In Shipibo-Konibo, almost all verbs have a single root and only find the singular/plural distinction in the third person, sufficient the plural-kan marker, as shown in (6b). The verbs jo-`come` and ka-`go` are the only two verbs that distinguish the number with all people using different singular/plural roots, as shown by examples with jo-`come in (6c-d).

Pairs of verbal/triple numbers are widespread in North America. In South America, they are available with languages from the Macro-Ge, Panoan and Tucanoan families. In the Pacific region, there are pairs of verbal numbers in Samoan (Polynesian) as well as in many languages of the Trans-New Guinea family, particularly in the northern branch and in the languages of the Madang-Adelbert Range branch. The phenomenon is present in the four major families of Africa, but especially in the Nilo-Saharan language family, especially in subgroups such as the South-East and Kunama (both cover the languages in Sudan and Ethiopia). In Asia, verbal/triple pairs of couples are observed in Ainu as well as Ket and Burushaski. The western frontier of this phenomenon seems to be the Caucasus. In Nynorsk, Norway, Swedish, Icelandic and Norway, current participants must agree on gender, number and certainty whether the participatory party is in an attribute or predictive position.