Between April 29 and May 3, 2019, the Afghan government organized a four-day Loya-Jirga to discuss peace talks. The Taliban were invited, but they were not present.  Later in May, a third meeting was held in Moscow between a Taliban delegation and a group of Afghan politicians.  In August 2019, an eighth round of talks between the United States and the Taliban took place in Qatar.  The Washington Post reported that the United States was on the verge of a peace agreement with the Taliban and was preparing to withdraw 5,000 troops from Afghanistan.  In September, Khalilzad said that the United States and the Taliban had reached an agreement until Trump`s approval. However, less than a week later, Trump canceled peace talks in response to an attack in Kabul that killed an American soldier and 11 others.  After the failure of talks with the United States, the Taliban sent a delegation to Russia to discuss the prospects of withdrawing U.S. troops from Afghanistan.  On September 18, 2019, the Taliban declared that if Trump decided to resume peace talks in the future, their “open doors” would be open.  Another problem is that the recent Afghan presidential elections were contested and led to a divided and dysfunctional government in Kabul. As two opponents declare themselves the winners, no one is responsible in Kabul anymore. Since the next step in the peace agreement is to hold talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government, a divided and broken government in Kabul complicates this next step.
Despite initial differences over prisoner exchanges and the Taliban`s relentless attacks on Afghan government forces, the Taliban and the Afghan government have begun to discuss a timetable and timetable for internal talks. In March 2020, the Afghan government appointed a 21-member negotiating team of “political leaders, former civil servants and civil society representatives,” including five women. The Afghan government finally agreed to the first release of 1,500 prisoners and negotiated the release of other prisoners in an ongoing trial. While it is not clear who is talking for the Afghan government, it is also unclear who is talking about the Taliban. The Taliban are not a single unified organization, but consist of different commanders and militias throughout Afghanistan, many of whom have conflicting ideas about the war and now about the peace agreement.